By default, eval evaluates code in the current context.

var x = 0;

function foo() {
  var x = 5;
  eval('x = 100');
  return x;
}

x; // 0
foo(); // 100
x; // 0

However, there’s a trick to confuse everyone.

If we assign the eval function to a variable, the function inside that variable “detaches” from the current context: this becomes the global object.

var x = 0;

function bar() {
  var x = 5,
      evil = eval;
  evil('x = 100');
  return x;
}

x; // 0
bar(); // 5
x; // 100

This is how you could write the function (don’t do that!) to make everyone superconfused.

var x = 0;

function baz() {
  var x = 5,
      evil = eval.call(this, 'eval');
  evil('x = 100');
  return x;
}

x; // 0
baz(); // 100
x; // 0

JS is cool.